Some workshops will be offered during the ECAP7. Full descriptions of the workshops and suggested themes for contributed papers (for workshops 1 and 2) will be available soon.

At present, confirmed workshops are:

**1. Ethics, Human Enhancement and Genetics**

Organized by: Roberto Mordacci (san Raffaele University), Michele Loi (san Raffaele University)

Keynote speaker: Søren Holm (University of Manchester)

Four contributed speakers (please se the dedicated call for papers below).

**2. Numerical Cognition and Mathematical Ontology**

Organized by: Elisabetta Lalumera (University of Milan-Bicocca), Andrea Sereni (San Raffaele University).

Prin 2008 Research Unit

With the support of the Association for the Philosophy of Mathematical Practice.

Prin 2008 Research Unit

*Person, Social Cognition and Normativity*With the support of the Association for the Philosophy of Mathematical Practice.

Invited speakers:

Jessica Carter (University of Southern Denmark, Odense; APMP)

Jessica Carter (University of Southern Denmark, Odense; APMP)

Luisa Girelli (University of Milan-Bicocca)

Eric Margolis (University of British Columbia, Vancouver)

Marco Panza (IHPST, CNRS Paris; APMP)

Four contributed speakers (please se the dedicated call for papers below).

**3. Mirror Neurons and Their Philosophical Implications for Intersubjectivity and Intentionality**

Organized by: Alessandro Antonietti (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan), Antonella Corradini (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan), Sergio Galvan (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan)

Leonardo Fogassi (University of Parma)

Dan Hutto (University of Hertfordshire)

Pierre Jacob (Institut Jean Nicod)

Victoria Southgate (University of London)

**4. Social Ontology and Documentality**

Organized by: Tiziana Andina, Giuliano Torrengo (LabOnt/University of Turin)

Invited speakers:

Petar Bojanic (University of Aberdeen)

Maurizio Ferraris (University of Turin)

Riccardo Genghini (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan)

Margaret Gilbert (University of California, Irvine)

Barry Smith (State University of New York, Buffalo)

**Workshops call for papers.**

**Workshop 1: Ethics, Human Enhancement and Genetics.**

Innovations in science and technology are often the source of public concern, but few have generated debates as intense as the perspective of biotechnological enhancement of human capacities, e.g. genetic modifications, cognitive enhancement drugs, and, in a perhaps not too distant future, the functional integration of organic and technological capacities through nanotechnology. However, these new technologies have also provoked fears and debates about the potential risk of the re-emergence of eugenics, with its historical implications of discrimination and social exclusion, and more broadly, the competitive advantage obtained by the few who may be able to afford them.

The ECAP workshop

*Ethics, Human Enhancement and Genetics*seeks to explore how current and speculative advances in biotechnology affect our understanding of traditional problems in moral and political philosophy, for instance:- the relationship between genetic modification and other enhancements: do inequalities in access to genetic improvement raise special concerns in comparison to other means of human improvement, such as enhancement drugs, education, and non-medical technology? What are the analogies between problems of justice connected to the distribution of biomedical technology and other forms of social advantage?
- The issue of freedom: is individual autonomy challenged by the intentional design of aspects of the human genome? Is the idea of the free will compatible with the way in which genes are understood to affect behaviour? Should parental reproductive rights be trumped in the name of child welfare (e.g., should gene-therapy for serious diseases be made mandatory?), or in the name of social objectives? How is this related to the old eugenics? Who should bear the cost of natural inequality arising from different parental and cultural attitudes towards gene therapy and screening?
- What are the implications of enhancements for specific areas of life (e.g. sport, academia, art)?

We invite submission for the Workshop on Ethics, Human Enhancement and Genetics. Four contributed papers will be selected for presentation. Submission to the workshop must follow the same procedures (i.e. EasyChair), the same criteria and deadline as the general ECAP7 call for papers.

Selected talks will have 20 minutes time for presentation and 20 minutes time for discussion.

For any information: loi.michele@hsr.it

**Workshop 2: Numerical Cognition and Mathematical Ontology.**

Philosophy of mathematics has proved to be one of the most lively areas of philosophy in recent times, and numerical cognition has proved the same with respect to cognitive science. Many traditional issues in the philosophy of mathematics, concerning both our understanding of the concept of number and our conception of mathematical objects, has been seen in a new light under the pressure of the development of cognitive studies. Often, however, we are faced with the stark opposition between those who believe that cognitive results tell us all there is to say about mathematics, pace most traditional philosophical concerns, and those who deny that cognitive aspects of mathematical thinking, interesting how they are on their own, can foster any progress in the solution of as yet theoretically unavoidable philosophical issues.

Many, however, feel the urge of filling the gap, one way or the other. Major and interrelated issues are indeed at stake.

How do children acquire an understanding of number concepts and mathematics, and how much is innate? According to one hypothesis, we have inherited systems for representing at least small numbers, and a related hypothesis is that language plays a key role in the process of upgrading the core systems into a fully competent mathematical mind. But if it is so, are number concepts language-dependent in a non-trivial sense? And can evidence be found also from the neurosciences for specialized neural networks for numerical processing and calculation (both in children and adults), and for their interaction with language-processing networks?

Even once these issues are solved, however, the question remains of how basic number concepts develop into more sophisticated mathematical cognition, dealing with higher mathematical concepts. Can our ability to understand complex and formalized mathematical theories be traced back to some basic numerical ability? And again, what role would be played in this process by language, or by metaphorical or other representational capacities allowing us to extend our mathematical competence into very complex domains?

Cognitive capacities might have a role in a mature philosophy of mathematics only if they can help solve more traditional concerns such as the nature of mathematical objects and the epistemic access that we might have to them. Does the nature of numerical cognition, for example, support a structuralist interpretation of mathematics as opposed to a platonist one? Does it favour a realist conception of mathematical objects as self-standing and mind-independent, or does it rather favour a conception of them as created, mind-dependent, and possibly socially constructed objects?

Basic cognitive capacities, if they are relevant to mathematical understanding, should also play a role in mathematical practice, as well as in visual and diagrammatic forms of reasoning involved in mathematical understanding and explanation. Can these capacities suggest any way out of the epistemic problems over which contemporary philosophers have dwelled at least since Benacerraf’s dilemma?

This workshop aims at bringing together scholars on both sides of the divide, and to offer the opportunity to young researchers of discussing works at the interplay between cognitive science and the philosophy of mathematics.

A provisional list of suggested topics for contributed papers is as follows:

- what is the nature of concepts of natural numbers?
- are concepts of natural numbers innate?
- what is the relation between mathematical abilities and linguistic abilities?
- how can cognitive studies improve our understanding of higher mathematics?
- can numerical cognitive capacities affect our conception of mathematical objects?
- how can cognitive results help solve the traditional epistemological concerns with mathematics?
- to what extent are numerical cognition, mathematical practice and the social aspects of mathematics relevant to mathematical ontology?

We invite submission for the Workshop on Numerical Cognition and Mathematical Ontology. Four contributed papers will be selected for presentation. Submission to the workshop must follow the same procedures (i.e. EasyChair), the same criteria and deadline as the general ECAP7 call for papers.

Selected talks will have 20 minutes time for presentation and 10 minutes time for discussion.

Scinetific committee: Anna Borghi (Bologna University), Jessica Carter (University of Southern Denmark, Odense; APMP), Luisa Girelli (University of Milan-Bicocca), Gianluigi Oliveri (University of Palermo, APMP), Mario Piazza (G. D’Annunzio University, Chieti-Pescara).

For any information: sereni.andrea@hsr.it; elisabetta.lalumera@unimib.it

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